On-Farm Water Management
 
On Farm Water Management Programme was initiated in Sindh with the assistance of USAID in 1977.

There are more than 42,314 water courses in the Province of Sindh out of which 7576 (18%) water courses have been improved upto 30th June 2003.

PROPOSED SINDH ON FARM WATER MANAGEMENT PROJECT (WORLD BANK ASSISTANCE)

Original Project was approved by (World Bank Assistance) ECNEC on 22-09-1999.

Sindh Component cost of Rs.2662.00 million (2705 watercourses).

The World Bank desired to revise scope of the project in the light of ISEA study declared as mandatory on 11-07-2001.

The progress of project was discussed in EAD Islamabad on 17-10-2002. The main emphasis was to conduct ISEA study.

The World Bank under letter dated 15-09-2003 has sent draft Project Appraisal Document.
 
OBJECTIVES
Farmers in the project area should better manage water and increase Agriculture productivity, supported by improved irrigation infrastructure and service delivery. This objective would be achieved by:

Improving the efficiency, reliability, and equity of irrigation water distribution;

Supporting Agriculture productivity enhancement measures to complement and enhance the benefits system of improved water management and

Enhancing long –term financial sustainability of the irrigation system by fostering self-sustaining farmer organizations at the watercourse and distributary canal levels, which is a key element of the decentralized and financially sustainable institutional apparatus, GOS Sindh is endeavoring to establish.
 
OUTCOME / IMPACT INDICATORS (On Completion of the Project)
WCAs & FOs established in accordance with Sindh Water Management Ordinance 2002, are active, conducting business democratically, providing responsive, sustainable services to communities.

Improved branch & Distributary canals have adequate capacity to carry full design discharge.

Decrease in canal breaches.

Increase in water supply at farm gate as compared to baseline

Increase in watercourse delivery efficiency.
 
OUTPUT INDICATORS (On Completion of the Project.)
Farmers demonstrate knowledge of improved practices on 100 distributaries .

Farmers carryout land leveling.

Timely feed back on project impact provided & taken into account in improving design and implementation.

Project incentive framework for promoting participation of women and sharecroppers tested and proposals for improvement made

Lessons learned for future operations.

Project implemented efficiently and in timely manner.

Quality of works and services completed in satisfactory.
 
COST RECOVERY
Farmers (through WCAs) will be required to provide 25% up-front cost of watercourse material along with skilled and unskilled labor on aggregate.

The WCA share in capital would be 38% for water storage tanks, 42% for watercourses in SGW areas, for watercourses in FGW areas and 47% in non-canal commanded areas.
 
LASER EQUIPMENT FOR LAND LEVELING
The Project will provide 150 laser land leveling equipment to FOs groups of WCAs on cost sharing basis.
 
DISTRICT WISE WATERCOURSES IMPROVEMENT IN SINDH
 

SR.#

DISTRICT

TOTAL # OF WATER COURSES

WATER COURSES IMPROVED

BALANCE WATER COURSES

NOS

% AGE

1

Badin

2037

242

12

1795

2

Hyderabad

4366

956

22

3410

3

Mirpurkhas

3231

818

25

2413

4

Sanghar

5080

1191

23

3889

5

Thatta

4530

411

9

4119

6

Dadu

1904

316

17

1588

7

Larkana

3190

356

11

2834

8

Shikarpur

1885

270

14

1615

9

Jacobabad

3293

205

6

3088

10

Sukkur

3069

299

10

2770

11

Ghotki

2587

468

18

2119

12

Khairpur

3138

460

15

2678

13

Nawabshah

2630

781

30

1849

14

Karachi

394

97

24

297

15

Naushero Feroze

980

706

72

274

TOTAL

42314

7576

18

34738

 
PROJECT COMPONENT
Formation of FOs under three AWBs 100 Nos.
Improvement of Watercourses 4000 Nos.
Construction of Water Storage Tanks 200 Nos.
Precision Land Leveling 40000 Ha
Demonstration Centres 100 Nos.