Agriculture Research Wing

Research is the life blood of Agriculture. Research needed to improve and evolve new crop varieties with high yields & good quality. Research needed to solve the day to day problems of the farming community /growers. Agriculture Research started in Sindh with the establishment of Agriculture Research Station at Sakrand.
Having three nucleus sections viz.

Agriculture
Chemistry
Botany


Expansion of Agriculture Research after opening of Sukkur barrage.
Establishment of Agriculture College at Sakrand.
Agriculture College & Agriculture Research shifted from Sakrand to Tandoajam.
Agriculture Research separated from Agriculture College.
 
OBJECTIVE
Evolution of new high yielding and insect, pest, disease resistant varieties of major and minor crops.
Develop package of appropriate improved production technologies for crops / plants to get higher yields.
Conduct studies on input like seed, fertilizer, irrigation water requirements of crops/plants.
Disseminate improved production technologies to the growers.
Provide facilities to the farmers for testing soil, water and fertilizer samples at district level. Formulate 5.recommendations and suggestions for soil and crops management, suggest measures for reclamation for saline soils.
Develop control measures for control of weeds, insects, pests and diseases based on Integrated Pest Management (IPM) strategy.
Screen new incoming pesticides for standardization.
Produce pre-basic, basic, certified and approved seeds of different crops for further multiplication.
Provide advisory services to the growers for specific and usual problems.
   
INFRA-STRUCTURE
Agriculture Research Institute at Tandojam.
Rice Research Institute, Dokri
Sindh Horticulture Research Institute, Mirpurkhas
Wheat Research Institute, Sakrand
Creation of Directorate General, Agriculture Research Sindh, Tandojam
Quaid-E-Awam Agriculture Research Institute, Larkana at Naudero
21 Research Stations at Dadu, Sujawal, Sanghi, Golarchi, Shikarpur, Thatta, Dokri, Mirpurkhas (3), Tandojam (2), Kotdiji, Sakrand, Naudero (2), Karachi, Badin, Ghulamullah,
11 Research Sub-Stations at Sakrand (2), Mirpurkhas, Kotdiji, Sanghar, Shikarpur, Jamrah, Tandojam, Kot Ghulam Muhammad, Sarhad and Husri.
13 Soil & Water Testing Labs. at Tandojam, Malir, Makli, Badin, Mirpurkhas, Sanghar, Sakrand, Dadu, Naushero Feroze, Khairpur, Rohri, Shikarpur and Jacobabad.
   
RESEARCH INSTITUTE IN SINDH
 
• Agriculture Research Institute Tandojam
(conducts research on various field crops)

• Sindh  Horticulture Research Institute MirpurKhas
(conducts research on fruit and vegetable crops)

• Rice Research Institute Dokri
(conducts research on rice and pulses crops)

• Wheat Research Institute Sakrand
(conducts research on wheat crop)

• Quaid-e-Awam Agriculture Research Institute Larkana
(conducts research on crops grown on residual moisture of rice i.e. dubari crops)

• Foundation Seed Cell
(produces BNS, Pre-basic and Basic seed of wheat, rice and cotton crops)

   
21 RESEARCH STATIONS
S.No.
Name of Station
Location
1.
2
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
Sugarcane Research Station
Sugarcane Research Station
Oilseeds Research Station
Oilseeds Research Station
Maize & Millet Research Station
Sunflower Research Station
Cotton Research Station
Horticulture Research Station
Chillies Research Station
Vegetable Research Station
Date Palm Research Station
Tomato Research Station
Onion Research Station
Jujube Research Station
Coconut Research Station
Citrus Research Station
Guava Research Station
Chiku, Papaya and Banana Research Station
Pulses Research Station
Rice Research Station
Southern Wheat Research Station
Sujawal
Naudero
Shikarpur
Golarchi
Dadu
Sangi
Ghotki
Mirpurkhas
Mirpurkhas
Mirpurkhas
Kotdiji
Badin
Husri Hyd.
Tandojam
Karachi
Sakrand
Naudero
Ghulamullah
Dokri
Thatta
Tandojam

13 RESEARCH SUB-STATIONS
S.No.
Name of Station
Location
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
Cotton Research Sub-Station
Agriculture Research Sub-Station (Multi crop)
Agriculture Research Sub-Station (Multi crop)
Agriculture Research Sub-Station (Multi crop)
Groundnut Research Sub-Station
Horticulture Research Sub-Station
Horticulture Research Sub-Station
Vegetable Research Sub-Station
Vegetable Research Sub-Station
Vegetable Research Sub-Station
Rice Research Sub-Station
Auxiliary Seed Multiplication Farm
Pulses Research Sub-Station
Mirpurkhas
Sakrand
Kotdiji
Shikarpur
Sanghar
Mirpurkhas
Kot Ghulam Muhammad
Mirpurkhas
Sarhad
Husri
Shikarpur
Nasirabad
Tandojam
 
PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES DEVELOPED FOR DIFFERENT CROPS
Agronomic requirements viz. seed, sowing time, method, spacing, maintenance of plant population, number of irrigations with proper interval, use of fertilizer, etc. for specific varieties under different climatic, cropping systems and management conditions.

Development of pest control technologies including integrated pest management (IPM) for control of insect pests, diseases and weeds minimize use of pesticides.

Mass rearing of parasites (Trichogramma) and Predators (Chrysopa).

Supply of parasites and predator cards to the growers.

Recommendations of new pesticides based on research trials.

Efficient and economical use of fertilizers based on soil and crop type.

Economical use of salt affected lands and use of inputs on such type of soils.

Judicious use of irrigation water (quantity and time).

Testing of technologies on farmers’ fields under out-reach trials program, so as to make them more feasible and suitable for different groups of farmers.

Determination of technology on post harvest losses of fruits, vegetables and cereal crops.

Onion seed production technology

Role of micronutrients such as Zinc in rice soils

Heat treatment of tomato seeds

All the production technologies i.e. use of water, fertilizer, pesticides, etc. which is adopted by the farmers are in fact due to the results of research conducted at various research institutes of the province
 
TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGY BY AGRICULTURE RESEARCH TO AGRICULTURE EXTENSION STAFF AND GROWERS OF SINDH
The technologies developed at the Research Institutes are disseminated through following methods:

Training programs
Training imparted to Agriculture Extension staff/workers and progressive growers at district & tehsil level
Demonstration plots
Conduct demonstration plots at farmers’ fields in different parts of Sindh to demonstrate the improved technologies to the farmers
Fertilizer Trials
The fertilizer trials on major crops are kept at the farmers’ field to educate the growers for efficient and balanced use of fertilizers to get maximum yields
Participation in Fairs and Exhibitions
The Research Institutes participate in the exhibition/fairs at various places in Sindh to display the research results and crop commodities
Participation in Traveling Seminars on
Wheat, Sugarcane, Rice, Cotton, Maize, Oilseeds etc.
Radio Talks
Radio talks are delivered regularly from Pakistan Broadcasting stations at Hyderabad and Khairpur
T.V. Programs
The experts from Agriculture Research usually participate in T.V. programs to deliver lectures on their respective fields
Preparation and Distribution of Pamphlets
It is regular activity of Agriculture Research to publish pamphlets on different crops and technologies. The pamphlets are distributed among the growers
Technical Guidance
Technical guidance is rendered to the farmers in the fields of soil, water,
fertilizer, pesticides, plant protection measures and use of improved crop
varieties
Lectures and Talks
Experts from the institute deliver lectures and talks in the training programs of extension workers and growers
Survey on Farmers’ complaints
The experts from the relevant Institutes are deputed to conduct surveys
regarding farmers’ complaints as and when received
Coordination Committee Meetings
Agriculture Extension and Research Coordination Committee meetings are held regularly to discuss and review the problems, targets, achievement and condition of crops
Sindh Zaraat Magazine/News letter
The articles are written regularly by the research scientists for the Sindh
Zaraat published by Agriculture Extension.
 
INTRODUCTION OF SUGARBEAT IN SINDH
At present there is acute shortage of irrigation water. As the Sugarcane crop is the main source of sugar producing industries. At the same time sugarcane is also a high delta crop, which requires 22 – 25 irrigations. The efforts are being made to introduce sugar-beat, which is low delta crop (6 – 8 irrigations). Preliminary research trials have been conducted in the different ecological zones of Sindh. The results of the experiments are encouraging. The research work on development of improved production technology for sugar-beat is being conducted.
 
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF SUGARCANE VS SUGARBEAT
S.# Particulars Sugarcane Sugarbeat
1. Water requirement High delta
22-25 irrigation
Low delta
6-8 irrigation
2. Land occupation 12-14 months 5-6 months
3. Recovery 10% 12%
4. Average yield per acre 800 mds 600 mds
5. Rate per 40 kg md. Rs. 50.00 Rs. 52.00
6. Gross Income per acre Rs. 40,000 Rs. 31,200
7. Cost of production/acre Rs. 35,300 Rs. 14,400
8. Net Income per acre Rs. 4,700 Rs. 16,800